Facts & Questions: HIV & AIDS


Below are some important FAQs about HIV and AIDS.

1. How is HIV spread?

HIV can spread only in certain body fluids from a person infected with HIV:

  • Blood
  • Semen
  • Pre-seminal fluids
  • Rectal fluids
  • Vaginal fluids
  • Breast milk


2. How Can I reduce my risk of getting HIV?

  • Get tested and know your partner’s HIV status.
  • Use a condom correctly every time you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
  • Limit your number of sexual partners.
  • Get tested and treated for STDs. Insist that your partners get tested and treated too.
  • Talk to your WAAF about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP is an HIV prevention option for people who do not have HIV but who are at high risk of becoming infected with HIV due to a particular incident.
  • Do not inject drugs. But if you do, use only sterile drug injection equipment and water and never share your equipment with others.


3. Do I need to take a HIV test?

The only way you can know your HIV status by taking an HIV test. Even if your exposure risk was low, you can only know whether you are HIV positive or HIV negative by taking a test. An HIV test should be a routine part of looking after your sexual health.

Repeating the test every 6-12 months is important in case you are exposed to HIV in the future. Some people are advised to test more frequently.